Tackling Cookstove Emissions in India: Towards an Enabling Policy Environment and More Effective Legal Solution
Center for Climate Change,
Energy and Environmental Law (CCEEL),
University of Eastern Finland,
PO Box 111, 80101 Joensuu, Finland firstname.lastname@example.org
Household air pollution resulting from cookstove emissions poses a serious threat to human health and well-being and is a significant contributory factor in local and global climate change. Household cookstoves are used on a large scale in India, and is a major contributor to indoor air pollution. India has had national air quality regulation and clean-cooking programs in place for several decades, but the problem of cookstove emissions persists. This paper provides a legal and policy analysis of the current Indian regulatory setting with regard to reducing emissions from household cookstoves. It is characterized by the interplay of a number of different objectives, policy instruments, actors, and levels of governance. The analysis results in the identification of conditions, elements, and tools for more effective and integrated future policy-making and regulation for reducing cookstove emissions. The research results of this paper are presented within the Indian context but have applicability beyond the Indian context as well: people in many developing countries rely on cookstoves for cooking and heating and the resulting emissions form a remarkable environmental, social, and human health problem.
Air pollution, black carbon, clean cooking, climate change, cookstoves, India.