Mitigating the Effects of Environmental Degradation in the Oil Industry: An Assessment of Government Compensation Scheme in Nigeria
PhD (Glasgow Caledonian University),
Visiting Lecturer Edo State Polytechnic,
While governments around the world have found compensatory damages insufficient for pollution victims, government compensation scheme (GCS) has been designed to substitute and/or complement compensatory damages. We explored the application of this scheme in a socio-geographic context with high incidence of oil pollution and victims of pollution. Specifically, the paper generated qualitative and quantitative data to evaluate how the Niger Delta Development Commission (NDDC) has achieved its mandate as a GCS established to succour the Niger Delta Region (NDR) adversely affected by the environmental degradation induced by oil operations. Our empirical findings showed that while the NDDC performed key functions relevant to the ideals of GCS, it focused primarily on human capital and infrastructural development without addressing the critical environmental concerns of the region. We conclude that an environmental-protection-driven GCS approach would serve the longer-term interests of the NDR people better.
Environmental protection, Government compensation scheme, infrastructural and human capital development; Niger Delta Development Commission (NDDC), oil pollution/environmental degradation.