Professor of Moral Philosophy and
Director of the Centre for Professional Ethics,
University of Central Lancashire,
Brook 317, Preston, PR1 2HE, UK email@example.com
Ratification of the Nagoya Protocol seems to be a long drawn out process for many parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity, delaying the Protocol's entering into force. This short paper suggests that four innovative elements of the Protocol may require time-consuming consideration prior to implementation: the Global Multilateral Benefit-Sharing Mechanism and the encouragement of Transboundary Co-operation; the reference to human pathogens, the reference to food security and affordable access to treatments and finally the demand to accommodate customary laws of indigenous peoples. At the same time, these four elements are essential to achieving global justice in access and benefit sharing regulations and therefore highly welcome.
Access and benefit sharing, Convention on Biological Diversity, human genetic resources, justice, Nagoya Protocol.